There are currently 128 names in this directory
Application of very large individual shingles with the long dimension parallel to the rake. Shingles are applied with a 3/4-inch space between adjacent shingles in a course.
Asphalt roofing cement
An asphalt-based cement used to bond roofing materials. Also known as flashing cement or mastic; should conform to ASTM D4586.
A ventilation system where 50% of the required ventilating area is provided by vents located in the upper portion of the roof with the balance provided by undereave or soffit vents.
That portion of the flashing attached to or resting on the deck to direct the flow of water onto the roof covering.
A line made on the roof by snapping a taut string or cord dusted with chalk. Used for alignment purposes.
The highest fire-resistance rating for roofing as per ASTM E108. Indicates roofing is able to withstand severe exposure to fire originating from sources outside the building.
Fire-resistance rating that indicates roofing materials are able to withstand moderate exposure to fire originating from sources outside the building.
Fire-resistance rating that indicates roofing materials are able to withstand light exposure to fire originating from sources outside the building.
Closed cut valley
A method of valley treatment in which shingles from one side of the valley extend across the valley, while shingles from the other side are trimmed two inches from the valley centerline. The valley flashing is not exposed.
A layer of viscous asphalt applied to the base material into which granules or other surfacing is embedded.
Pre-formed flange placed over a vent pipe to seal the roof around the vent pipe opening. Also called a vent sleeve.
Concealed nail method
Application of roll roofing in which all nails are driven into the underlying course of roofing and covered by a cemented, overlapping course. Nails are not exposed to the weather.
The change of water from vapor to liquid when warm, moisture-laden air comes in contact with a cold surface.
That portion of the flashing attached to a vertical surface to help prevent water from migrating behind the base flashing.
Amount of weather protection provided by the roofing material. Depends on number of layers of material between the exposed surface of the roofing and the deck (single coverage, double coverage, etc.).
A peaked saddle construction at the back of a chimney to help prevent accumulation of snow and ice and to deflect water around the chimney.
Application of asphalt roofing such that the lapped portion is at least two inches wider than the exposed portion, resulting in two layers of roofing material over the deck.
A noncorrosive, nonstaining material used along the eaves and rakes to allow water runoff to drip clear of underlying construction.
Dutch lap method
Application of very large individual shingles with the long dimension parallel to the eaves. Shingles are applied to overlap adjacent shingles in each course as well as the course below.
Additional layer of roofing material applied at the eaves to help prevent damage from water backup.
Boards nailed along eaves and rakes after cutting back existing wood shingles to provide secure edges for reroofing with asphalt shingles.
Exposed nail method
Application of roll roofing in which all nails are driven into the cemented, overlapping course of roofing. Nails are exposed to the weather.
Exposure I grade plywood
Type of plywood approved by the American Plywood Association for exterior use.
Tapered wood filler strips placed along the butts of old wood shingles to create a level surface when reroofing over existing wood shingle roofs. Also called horsefeathers.
Shingles that do not contain factory-applied strips or spots of self-sealing adhesive.
The upper portion of a sidewall that comes to a triangular point at the ridge of a sloping roof.
A type of roof containing a sloping plane on each side of a single ridge with a gable at each end.
A type of roof containing two sloping planes of different pitch on each side of the ridge. The lower plane has a steeper slope than the upper. Features a gable at each end.
Ceramic-coated colored crushed rock that is applied to the exposed surface of asphalt roofing products.
Shortest distance from the butt edge of an overlapping shingle to the upper edge of a shingle in the second course below. The triple coverage portion of the top lap of strip shingles.
The inclined external angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes. Runs from the ridge to the eaves.
A type of roof containing sloping planes of the same pitch on each of four sides. Contains no gables.
Shingles used to cover the inclined external angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes.
Condition formed at the lower roof edge by the thawing and refreezing of melted snow on the overhang. Can force water up and under shingles, causing leaks.
Individual shingles that mechanically fasten to each other to provide wind resistance.
Strip shingles containing more than one layer of tabs to create extra thickness. Also called dimensional or architectural shingles.
Low slope application
Method of installing asphalt shingles on roof slopes between two and four inches per foot.
A type of roof containing two sloping planes of different pitch on each of four sides. The lower plane has a much steeper pitch than the upper, often approaching vertical. Includes no gables.
An asphalt-based primer used to prepare masonry surfaces for bonding with other asphalt products.
Finely ground limestone, slate, traprock or other inert materials added to asphalt coatings for durability and increased resistance to fire and weathering.
A ventilation system utilizing ventilators installed in openings in the attic and properly positioned to take advantage of natural air flow to draw hot summer or moist winter air out and replace it with fresh outside air.
A method of reroofing with new asphalt shingles over old shingles in which the top edge of the new shingle is butted against the bottom edge of the existing shingle tab.
Any wood-based panel that does not contain veneer and carries an APA span rating, such as wafer board or oriented strand board.
Method of installing asphalt shingles on roof slopes between 4 inches and 21 inches per foot.
Method of valley construction in which shingles on both sides of the valley are trimmed along a chalk line snapped on each side of the valley. Shingles do not extend across the valley. Valley flashing is exposed.
An asphalt-based cement used to adhere tabs of strip shingles to the course below. Also used to adhere roll roofing laps applied by the concealed nail method.
Roofing application method in which shingle courses are applied vertically up the roof rather than across and up. Not a recommended procedure.
The supporting framing member immediately beneath the deck, sloping from the ridge to the wall plate.
A plastic or paper strip that is applied to the back of self-sealing shingles. This strip prevents the shingles from sticking together in the bundles and need not be removed for application.
The uppermost, horizontal external angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes.
Shingles used to cover the horizontal external angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes.
A compound used to seal flashings, seal down shingles and for other small waterproofing jobs. Where cement is required for sealing down shingles, use a dab about the size of a quarter unless otherwise specified.
An asphalt-saturated tape used with asphalt cements for flashing and patching asphalt roofing.
An asphalt-impregnated felt used as an underlayment between the deck and the roofing material.
A thermal-sealing tab cement built into the shingle to firmly cement the shingles together automatically after they have been applied properly and exposed to warm sun temperatures. In warm seasons, the seal will be complete in a matter of days. In colder seasons, sealing time depends on the temperature and amount of direct sunlight hitting the shingles. Hand sealing with cement should be done to ensure sealing in winter.
Self-sealing strip or spot
Factory-applied adhesive that bonds shingle courses together when exposed to the heat of the sun after application.
Slight differences in shingle color that may occur as a result of normal manufacturing operations.
Roll roofing that is covered with ground talc or mica instead of granules (coated).
Specialty eaves flashing membrane
A self-adhering, waterproofing shingle underlayment designed to protect against water infiltration due to ice dams or wind-driven rain.
Steep-slope application (Mansard)
Method of installing asphalt shingles on roof slopes greater than 21 inches per foot.
A single-layer shingle commonly known as a three-tab shingle because it has three tabs.
Label displayed on packaging to indicate the listing for fire and/or wind resistance of asphalt roofing.
The internal angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes to provide water runoff.
Any material used to prevent the passage of water vapor. Material which, when installed on the high-vapor-pressure (warm in winter) side of a material, retards the passage of moisture vapor to the lower-pressure (cold in winter) side. Note exception: Florida and Gulf Coast. Check local building codes to determine on which side the vapor retarder should be placed.
Any outlet for air that protrudes through the roof deck, such as a pipe or stack. Any device installed on the roof, gable or soffit for the purpose of ventilating the underside of the roof deck.
Devices that eject stale air and circulate fresh air (e.g. ridge, roof, gable, undereave, foundation or rafter vents and vented soffit panels).